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Category Archives: DISCOVERY

Crocodile Bites Tourist While Taking A Selfie

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 


French tourist, Muriel Benetulier, who is in her 40s, apparently wanted to take a selfie with the crocodile but was injured when the reptile snapped at her when she got too close. She suffered a severe bite wound to her leg after squatting next to the animal to pose for a picture.

The attack happened at Khao Yai, off the nature study trail in the Haew Suwat waterfall area, three hours north of Bangkok.

According to the Bangkok Post, signs warned visitors about the crocodiles and tourists were told to keep to the nature trail but Muriel Benetulier did not heed to the warning.

Luckily the bite was not life-threatening and it has been reported that she is currently receiving treatment and is expected to make a full recovery.

Five Deadly Venoms With Curative Powers

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 


The natural instinct of man towards poisonous and crawling creatures is to kill them or run away from them. While these may seem like the best thing to do; science, however, shows us these “deadly” creatures, actually possess potential medicinal treatments and cures in their venoms.

From using snake venom for cancer treatments to employing venom immunotherapy to treat insect sting allergies; scientists have seen no boundaries as they continue to research and investigate the therapeutic effects of a wide variety of animal and insect venoms.

So here are five deadly venoms with curative potentials as revealed by science.

Read on….


In one study, researchers examined the Chinese red-headed centipede which injects its prey with venom that blocks a sodium channel protein and ultimately paralyzes its victims. It turned out that centipedes may be used as painkillers, too as when tested on mice results were comparable to the effects of morphine — the mice were able to tolerate thermal, chemical, and acid pain tests.


The deadly tarantulas have been shown to possess healing properties in its venom. According to a 2012 study from the University of Buffalo; a particular protein was found in the tarantulas spider venom; this protein according to the research carried out can work as a treatment for muscular dystrophy (a term for diseases associated with the muscles) as the protein helped stop muscle cells from deteriorating; and though it wasn’t a cure, it assisted in slowing down the progression of the disease.

Other studies including a 2014 study from Yale University also suggests that the tarantulas’ harbours pain killing components in its venom.

Sea Creatures

Deep in the ocean, thousands and even millions of critters lurk way out of our sight. But many of them may harbour potential cures and treatments for diseases in their venom. One study found that sea anemones and core snails produce toxins that could treat autoimmune diseases like arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and lupus.


Scorpions as poisonous as their venoms can actually assist fighting serious medical cases such as; cancer and have also been used in 2010 as painkiller properties because they have a similar component that interacts with sodium like centipedes and spider peptides.

Researchers from Seattle have developed something called “tumour paint” out of scorpion venom, which was successful in identifying brain cancer and lighting it up for doctors to see?

They also re-engineered a particular protein from the Israeli death stalker scorpion to make it bind to cancer cells and then tied it to a fluorescent molecule that acts as a sort of flashlight or glows to assist in surgeries or identifying cells within the body. “Scorpion toxin finds the cancer cells and drags the flashlight into them and makes them glow brilliantly,”

A Specialist; Dr. Jim Olson; who doctors at, brain cancer Hospital for Children, said, according to ABC News.


The venom from snakes has been investigated by scientists for decades to discover what medicinal properties. Examples of the snakes being studied and their medicinal properties are; certain vipers from Tunisia have been shown to have anti-tumour properties and some others have antibacterial and painkilling features.

Snakes have Hemotoxins in their venom that targets the circulatory system, and typically attack the body’s clotting ability and muscles.

Hence; scientists have found ways to use hemotoxins for medicine — such as treating heart attacks and blood disorders and many others.

Various other  drugs have been developed from neurotoxins in snake venom; which are used to treat Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, as well as stroke and brain injuries; having said all these; more research will need to be done to get a better understanding, of the medicinal properties of each and every toxin found in snakes and scorpions.

A Vampire? – Meet The Mother Of Two Who Has A Weird Addiction

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 


Julia Caples a 45-year old mother of two, from Pennsylvania, US, has admitted drinking nearly two litres of human blood every month from willing donors for the past 30 years; talk about a real life vampire!

So you may wonder, who on earth would be a willing donor to such demonic act?

Well, Julia claims that she gets most of her donors from occult gatherings throughout her area. When she finds one, she makes a small incision in the donor’s neck using a ceremonial knife which she designed by herself, and then drinks their blood.

Her love for the taste of blood began at age-15 while kissing her boyfriend; she suddenly got the urge to bite him.

julia-caples-In a statement, the vampire mother explains the benefits she gets from drinking human blood;

When I feed off of a person and drink their blood I feel stronger and healthier. I know scientifically there’s not a lot of nutrition in blood, but maybe there’s some value we haven’t discovered yet…… I feel more beautiful than any other time when I’m regularly drinking. I’m also extremely healthy with no major health problems, and I have an abundance of energy all the time. At times I’ve drunk half-­a-­gallon a month.”

The big question is – are there any medical complications or benefits associated with this weird addiction?

The truth is asides standing the risk of blood-borne illnesses like bacterial infection, hepatitis, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); medical expert says that drinking human blood, or the blood of a cow and sheep, introduces prions into the body.

Julia CaplesThese infectious proteins, usually located in the brain or along the spinal cord, have been known to cause mad cow disease by stimulating an inflammatory response in the body; and there are no benefits whatsoever to that!

Seven Awesome Pink Lakes Around The World                                      

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 

Pink Lakes

Pink lakes are a natural phenomenon and occur in a few lakes around the world. There are a number of reasons for this occurrence and the most common cause, however, happen to be as a result of the presence of algae and a high salinity level greater than that of sea water.

The attractive pink hues of these lakes draw tourists from around the world in awe of its uniqueness.

Here are seven awesome pink lakes found around the world. Read on….

Lake Retba, Senegal

SenegalLocated on the Cap Vert peninsula of Senegal, Lake Retba aka “Lac Rose” (meaning the pink lake) spans a 3 sq. Km. and has a high concentration of salt which is usually harvested by the locals.

The salt content in Lake Retba is said to be around 40%, and this means you can float quite easily in these waters, but you won’t want to stay in there too long because it will damage your skin. However, the salt collectors work for up to seven hours a day and to protect their skin from the water they rub their skin with Shea butter.

The hue of the pink in this lake is also dependent on the amount of sunlight that strikes it.

Lake Hillier, Australia

Lake HillerLake Hillier is a pink-coloured lake on Middle Island, the largest of the islands and islets that make up the “Recherche Archipelago”, in Western Australia.

The lake spans only about 600 meters wide but its rose pink colour is unmistakable as the water in Lake Hillier is permanently pink.

The shore of the lake is covered in salt deposits and samples of the water show a high level of saltiness as well.

Western Australia’s Lake Hillier is perhaps more striking since it is surrounded by lush vegetation.

Salina de Torrevieja, Spain

SpainLocated in south-eastern Spain, Salina de Torrevieja used to be a salt mining community; today, the commercial exploitation of the lakes to extract salt has been replaced by tourism.

The lake turns pink when sunlight falls on the algae-rich waters and as a matter of fact, Salina de Torrevieja is one of the best pink lakes in the world today, even though the salt content of the lake isn’t very high.

The lakes are now protected national parks and making it a wonderful place to visit virtually any time of year.

Hutt Lagoon, Australia

Hutt LAkeHutt Lagoon” is a salt lake located near Hutt River by the west coast in Australia. The water is pink thanks to the algae that flourish in the saline water.

Hutt Lagoon gets its salinity because of underground seawater seepage from the Indian Ocean.

If you plan to get here, the nearest town/city to Hutt Lagoon is Gregory, a small town on the banks of Hutt River.

Dusty Rose Lake, Canada

Rose LAkeFor the Dusty Rose Lake, the story is quite different as the pink pigment is not as a result of salinity or algae.

The pink colour comes from the surrounding pink-purplish rocks. During the warm season, they are carried as particles by the melting glaciers directly into the lake. It is said to be pink all year long.                

Pink Lake, Australia (Goldfields-Esperance Region)

Pink Lake, Australia (Goldfields-Esperance Region)A pink lake also lies in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia.

Surprisingly, it is called The Pink Lake; however, the lake is not always pink. Its colour is caused by alga, halobacterium, and prawns and it spans 4km x 2km.

When the lake water rises in salinity and the right amount of sun hits the lake; its green algae turns into a mix of pink and red.

Masazir Lake, Azerbaijan

Masazir LAkeSpanning a 10km sq.; Lake Masazir also known as Masazirgol is another pink lake located not far from the Qaradağ district of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.

Compared to all other pink lakes Masazir Lake is the most commercialized. With many factories set up by the shores, the lake produces over a million ton of salt every year. There are extensive sulphur deposits in the area as well for that wonderful rotting egg smell.

7 Breast Shapes And What Bra Best Fits Them

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 


Most men only care if a woman’s boobs are big or small; that’s all they know when it comes to breast shapes. This is not ruling out the fact that most women don’t even know the shape of their boobs.

Well, you’re one of the above, you’re about to learn something new. According to bra company ThirdLove, women have one of seven different types of boobs. We have them listed below with images courtesy ThirdLove.

[Helpful Tips To Keep Your Breasts Firm As You Age]

When your boobs are asymmetric, it means one breast is larger than the other. The difference ranges from being barely noticeable to being very pronounced.

The asymmetric boobs are best in bras with removable pads, so you can wear a pad (or two) on the smaller side to make them appear equal.

Bell Shape
These are heavier boobs. They are narrower at the top, then drastically fuller towards the bottom.

Bell shaped boobs are best in full-coverage bras because the breasts are heavier, they can literally drag down the shoulders, causing your bra straps to slip and lose grip.

East West
These are the types that have a gentle slope from top to bottom, but out to the sides. You’ll notice the nipples pointing in opposite directions.

They are best in push-up or T-shirt styles, which flatter that natural shape while comfortably bringing the ends closer together.

Slender boobs
Slender boobs are a little wider at the top, narrower at the bottom; generally skinny without a lot of breast tissue. They look best in plunge bras, with or without push-up material.

Plunge bras help pull the slender boobs toward the middle to create a bit of cleavage.

Side Set
The side set is the breast type with a wide space in between them. The nipples point a little more forward compared to the East-West boobs.

The side set boobs are best in balconette bras, which have more fabric above the cups to disguise a larger gap between breasts.

The tear drop boobs are similar to the Bell Shaped boobs, however, they come with a milder slope. You’ll easily identify them from the side view. They are best in plunge bra with or without push-up material.

The deeper neckline and cups of the plunge bra, create lift, which helps fill in the shallower top of teardrop breasts.

Round boobs
Round boobs are full on top and bottom. This particular type of boobs are often surgically enhanced, but not always. They look best in balconette bras, which amplifies the perky frame.

Not to affirm that they are the best, but a round breast can easily pull off any bra style.

Discover Awesome Graffiti From Around The World

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 


The word graffiti springs from the Italian term – “graffiato” meaning “to scratch”. The existence of graffiti dates back to the early centuries as humans have always been known to leave evidence of their existence by making marks or scratchings on surfaces.

Today, the existence of graffiti is more of art expressions on the streets – on buses, on walls, bridges and so on. Here are some of the most creative graffiti from around the world and where they are found.


The Lizard King

The Lizard KingThis giant reptile was created by artist ROA, on the side of Los Muras Hablan in San Juan, Puerto Rico. This imposing painting is well known around the street art community, mainly for its amazing detail on a grand scale.

Tree Head

Tree HeadArtist Nuxuno Xän certainly didn’t let anything go to waste when he created this impressive and creative work of art.

Xän incorporated the tree into his brick wall painting in Fort De France, Martinique.

Under The Bridge

Under BridgeAs many of us are aware, some of the best art comes from turning something that is completely ordinary into something extraordinary.

That is exactly what street artist Dome did in Karlsruhe, Germany, by turning a support beam of a bridge into a giant hand holding it up.

Folklore Graffits

Folklore GraffitisWith graffiti art as large as 10 stories tall, the scenes splashed on the buildings throughout Lodz are incredible to witness. Two artists, Przemyslaw Biejzyk and Mateusz Gapski, collectively known as “Etam”, have created most of the artwork graffitis in Lodz.

The graffiti paintings are varied and unique, but each one plays on a different Polish folklore.


MAndelaThis beautiful graffiti is basically a mural of Nelson Mandela by artist Mak1One on December 7, 2013, in Cape, Town, South Africa.

Mt. Rushmore

Mt RushmoreThis giant graffiti of Mt. Rushmore is made by Brazilian street artist Eduardo Kobra on La Brea Avenue in Los Angeles, California. It is very beautiful and thanks to the burst of brilliant colours.

Six Of The World’s Largest Dog Breeds

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 

Largest Dog Breeds

Did you know that the world’s tallest dog is a Great Dane standing tall at 44 inches? Some of the largest dog breeds are known for their height, some for their weight while others are known for both.

Here are some of the world’s largest dogs. Read on…

Great Dane

Great DaneThe Great Dane is a breed of German origin and its German name of Deutsche Dogge, means German mastiff. However, before setting down official roots in Germany, the dogs that eventually became the Great Dane breed came from a crossbreed between English mastiffs and Irish wolfhounds.

Today, the tallest to existing in the world is a Great Dane with a size of 43 inches. It is said to hold two records – one for being the tallest dog on earth and the other for being the tallest dog ever.

English Mastiff

English-Mastiff - largest dog breedsThe English Mastiff may not be the tallest dog, but it is however the heaviest. It currently holds the record as the heaviest dog. Named Hercules, the record holder English Mastiff weighs 127 kilograms (282 pounds).

Generally however, most adult males of this breed will weigh no more than 113 kilos (250 pounds) and they don’t get much taller than 30 inches. They are generally docile, and loveable pets but require a lot of space to move around in because of their large frame.

St. Bernard

St BernardThe St. Bernard is one of biggest dog breeds, with adult males measuring approximately 35 inches and weighing up to 120 kilograms (264 pounds). St. Bernard have been known to be very dependable and especially strong as they are some of the strongest dogs in the world. Due to their large size however, they must be well trained to live as domesticate pets.

The St. Bernard gained international respect and recognition for its valuable help in alpine rescue missions. It is also known as the national dog in Switzerland due to this.

Neapolitan Mastiff

Neopolitan MastiffMastiff breeds are certainly among the largest dog breeds in terms of mass. The Neapolitan mastiff originated in southern Italy.

Used as a guard dog, the average male mastiff stands between 26-31 inches tall and weighs a hefty 130-155 pounds. Females are usually a little smaller, standing a few inches shorter and weighing 110-130 pounds.

This breed is known for being fearless and protective of home and family, making it an ideal guard dog — but not an ideal warning system as they tend to be quiet, and are known for sneaking up on intruders rather than barking to warn them off.


Newfoundland DogOriginally bred as a working dog for the fishermen of Newfoundland, Canada – Newfoundland breeds are large, dependable dogs that were bred by fisherman from the land which they are named for. They are some of world’s biggest dog breed. They look even bigger because of their thick double coat, which keeps them warm even in icy water.

Adult males can measure up to 70 centimetres (30 inches) and can weigh up to 80 kilograms (176 pounds). They are known to be extremely adept at water rescue, as their thick coats of fur and webbed feet allow them to navigate the frigid Atlantic Ocean easily.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepard DogsThe Caucasian Shepherd are quite large but are not very heavy, a fully grown adult male should be about 28 inches and can weigh about 45 kilograms. Sturdy breed, with somewhat aggressive temperaments; they are mildly intelligent and very obedient. They were bred in the Caucus Mountains to fend against mountain predators.

Most Ugliest Animals You Never Knew Existed

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 

Ugliest Animals

When it comes to the animal kingdom, you can be rest assured that the good the bad and the ugly sure do exist. While the attractive animals such as the flamingo, the penguins, the zebras, the polar bears and the likes are lovely to behold; the not so good looking animals however could make you cringe or even feel sick to the stomach. So here are some of the ugliest animals on the planet – viewer discretion is advised.

Read on…

Star-Nosed Mole

Star- Nosed Mole- Ugliest AnimalsThe Star-Nosed Mole is surely one the most unique animals in the animal kingdom thanks to its one of a king ugly looking face. Mostly found in wet low areas of eastern Canada and the north-eastern parts of United States; this animal can be recognised by its eleven pairs of pink fleshy appendages ringing the snout- hence its name- “Star-Nosed Mole.”

The star is an extraordinary touch organ with more than 25,000 minute sensory receptors, called Eimer’s organs, with which it feels its way around.

Matamata Turtle

Matamata TurtleGenerally, turtles aren’t really facially good looking; however, the Matamata turtle is very unique for its exceptionally horrible look.

Found in the shallow muddy waters of northern parts of South America, this Matamata freshwater turtle simply means “Kill Kill” in Spanish. It spots a long neck lined with warts and fleshy folds, a large flat head, and a protruding snorkel-shaped nose that it uses to breathe while underwater. However, these features also make the animal a formidable predator as its bulky head and neck appears as a pile of rocks which works perfectly as a camouflage for it. It lies in wait for passing prey with only the tip of its snout extended above the water and as soon as a fish comes close enough, the matamata turtle will suck it in and snap its mouth shut, swallowing the fish whole.

Frilled Lizard

Frilled LizardScientific name, Chlamydosaurus kingi, the frilled lizard is a yellowish-brown Australian lizard with a large frill of skin to the sides of the neck and throat that reminds us of the Dilophosaurus dinosaur from the movie – The Jurassic Park. It is about 90 cm/35 in long, and when is angry or alarmed, it erects its frill, which may be as much as 25cm/10 in in diameter, thus giving itself the appearance of being larger than it really is.

Frilled lizards are generally tree-living but may spend some time on the ground, where they run with their forelimbs in the air.


Aye-ayeA native of Madagascar and related to chimpanzees, the Aye-aye is one of the world’s most rare and bizarre looking primates. Spotting a pair of glowing round eyes and long middle finger, the Aye-aye is believed to be magical to the Malagasy people, as they claim it brings death to the village it appears in; therefore they’re often killed on sight.

The aye-aye has an average head and body length of 16 inches (40 centimetres), a long bushy tail of 2 feet (61 centimetres) long, and weighs about 4 pounds (2 kilos). The Aye-aye has large beady eyes, black hair, and large spoon-shaped ears. It has 5-fingered hands with flat nails, with a middle finger up to 3 times the length of the others.

Hairy Frog

Hairy FrogThe hairy frog is a small amphibian which is only ugly looking but also gross with perhaps the single most disgusting method of defending itself in the entire animal kingdom. Its hairs is actually a bunch of semi-exposed arteries just trailing along outside of the body, designed for absorbing high levels of oxygen into the frog’s blood.

The grossness of the hairy frog doesn’t end there;  they are also known as the horror frog. It is known to break its own toes in order to expose sharp, claw-like bones for self-defence – talk about the wolverine of the animal kingdom!


WarthogWarthogs are the members of pig family residing in Sahara deserts of Africa. A large head, a nose of a pig, tusks protruding from their mouths, a wart-like curvature to their faces and a mane down the spine to the middle of their back – with all these features Warthog is definitely far away from the terms like ‘beautiful’ or ‘good-looking’. But on a brighter side, if ever warts come into fashion, Warthog will surely rock its way.

These warts, which actually make this animal look ugly, are nothing but thick pads that come to their rescue whenever they are engaged in a combat. When two male warthogs collide their pointed tusks pose a serious threat to each other face and even the centre of the head which can lead to a rather painful death. These thick fleshy warts protect their face from getting severely injured.

Vampire Bat

Vampire BAtThe vampire bat is one of the ugliest and most feared animals in the Western Hemisphere. This repulsive-looking creature has huge ears and a wrinkled-up nose that sits atop large fang-like teeth. If its looks weren’t bad enough, this animal also has the nasty penchant for mammal blood.

At night these bats emerge from their caves to search for unsuspecting cows, horses, birds, pigs or even humans. Then, often without waking their victim, the bat uses its sharp teeth to shave away pieces of flesh and then lap up the oozing blood with their tongues. On the plus side, these “attacks” often go unnoticed and rarely hurt the victim.


Blob fishThe Blobfish which is the last but not the least ugly animal on our list was voted as World’s Ugliest Animal in 2013 in the US. Primarily found in the deep water off of Australia and New Zealand the blob fish lives at depths of over 1200 meters.

The pressure here is several dozen times higher than at the surface and as a result its body is little more than a gelatinous mass. Once named the ugliest animal, the blob fish is usually a pinkish colour and is usually very fat, bloated and usually ugly. Its eyes are strange looking, his pupils are black and they bulge out of its face. The lips are large and highly pink. Its nose drops down over its mouth.

The Blob fish is less than 30 centimetres big.

Five Small And Weird Towns Around The World

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 

Weird Towns

A town is generally identified by its name, boundary, the presence of a common people spread throughout the area, and human activities. However, certain towns are quite unique for some strange and weird reasons. Think about a town dominated by cats or a town whose population of human sized dolls surpass the actual population humans- now those are really weird towns.

Here are five small and weird towns around the world.

Nagoro, Japan

Nagoro- Weird TownsWith a population of only 35 humans, 350 human-sized dolls I bet visitors will find Nagoro creepy! Upon returning to her hometown and discovering that the population of hundreds had dwindled to a meagre 37, 64-year-old artist Ayano Tsukimi had the brilliant, but depressing idea of creating life-sized doll replacements for each of the people, who once lived there.

The dolls are propped up and arranged throughout the town, doing whatever their living counterparts used to do, which presumably was creeping out everyone who passed through the weird town.

Tsukimi’s has up to about 350 dolls and she continues to make a new one each time someone dies or leaves town. It’s just a matter of time before there’s nobody left here, but lifeless and creepy dolls. Perhaps ghosts of dead locals will come back and take over the dolls. Creepy!


cats-in-aoshima-island-Also known as the island of cats; the remote town called Aoshima is located in southern Japan. Cats vastly outnumber the actual population of humans in the island of Aoshima by a ratio of 6 to 1.

The Island was once home to about 900 people in 1945. Today, it is home to mostly pensioners who didn’t seek work elsewhere after World War II and cats curling up in abandoned houses or strutting about in a fishing village.

Cats have long been thought by the locals to represent luck and good fortune, and doubly so if you feed and care for them. Thus, the cats are treated like kings, and although most are feral because keeping them as “pets” is generally considered inappropriate, they are well-fed and well-cared-for by a “Cat Witch” on the island.

Coober Pedy, Australia

Coober Pedy, Australia - Weird TownsEstablished in 1915 as an opal-mining town (the biggest opal mine in the world), this whole town exists underground today.

When miners first started pulling shimmering gems out of the ground here, they decided to beat the oppressive Outback by building their living quarter’s underground since the temperatures aboveground would reach 125 Fahrenheit (51 Centigrade). The town has underground stores, churches, galleries and even the world’s first 4-star underground hotel. It has a population of about 3,500.

Whittier, Alaska

Whittier, Alaska- Weird TownsWhittier is more like a town in a single building. Almost all of the 200-plus inhabitants of Whittier live inside a single 14-story building called Begich Towers. The rest live in their vehicles, boats, or another, similar building. Begich Towers was built in 1956.

Back then, it served as an army barracks, but today, it is a town complete with a police station, post office, store, church, video rental shop, playground, and health centre—all located inside the building.

The only way to access the town is either via sea or through a 4-kilometer (2.6 mi) one-lane tunnel which has gates that open twice every hour, allowing cars in or out of the town. The tunnels close at night and do not reopen until the next day. Before 2001, the tunnel could not accommodate vehicles, and the only way to get to the town was a 100-kilometer (60 mi) train ride. Then, trains ran only few times a week.

During summer months, Whittier gets about 22 hours of sunlight, and during winter, it could get covered in over 6.35 meters (250 in) of snow. Talk about weird towns!

Dwarf Village, China

Dwarf Village China

Residents of this village are not allowed to be taller than 4ft 3in (130cm), the residents built this village to escape persecution and harassment due to their looks.

Now, complete with their own police force and fire department, they needed to create a source of income. The 120 residents of the village decided to build their homes in unique shapes, turning the place into a tourist attraction and the first ever live-in theme-park.

7 Most influential People In History

Written by HF Magazine Staff  | 


The world we live in today wouldn’t be what it is, without the impact of great minds that once walked through it. From religion to science, culture and politics; these men have made a mark on history.

Read on:

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma GandhiMohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. He promoted non-violence during World War II and HARSH times.

Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

The honorific Mahatma, applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa, is now used worldwide.

Sir Isaac Newton

Isaac NewtonOne of the most influential scientists in history was Sir Isaac Newton. He was a teacher, a scientist and an inventor and his understating of gravity underpins much of physics today. He helped to shape the face of modern science and also created the famous laws of motion.

Isaac Newton invented the reflecting microscope and published early works about light.

Albert Einstein

Albert EinsteinPhysicist born in Germany, he formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity. He also proposed that light consists of discrete quantized bundles of energy (later called photons).

Einstein’s theory of relativity shaped our understanding of the universe and his theories of physics still influence much of scientific thought today. Pretty good going for a man whose teachers told his parents that he wouldn’t amount to much.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther KingMartin Luther King, Jr. was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He promoted equality amongst all people – black and white. Without him, the black race may still be stuck with the clouded ideas of “justice” and “fairness” we once had. He still is the most influential American, ever.


AristotleAristotle was a Greek philosopher from Stagirus, northern Greece, who was born in 384 BCE. He’s widely considered one of the three greatest philosophers of all time, along with Socrates and Plato. His teachings and theories migrated across Africa, Asia, and the Middle East through the conquests of his most famous student, Alexander the Great.

Aristotle is one of the very few historical figures who enjoys great respect and immense popularity on every continent and has been revered in Judaism, Christian theology, and Islam, where most Muslim intellectuals refer to him as “The First Teacher.”


BuddhaGautama Buddha was born in Nepal. When he witnessed old age and suffering for the first time in his life, he set out on his journey to discover truth and enlightenment. His teachings are estimated to have influenced billions of people with the eight principles of ethical life that he devised. He spent his life travelling the Indian subcontinent teaching, but his ideas did not spread beyond the East, until well after his death.


ConfuciusConfucius was a Chinese philosopher, whose thinking influenced many people in the East. Many people still follow his teachings today, especially his thoughts on personal development. He is an extremely important part of Chinese history and he has been described as a teacher, a politician, and a philosopher. One of his most famous teachings was “What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.”


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